Mussolini had notably invented fascist politics. Though fascism differed from Nazism and was seen as less harsh, the two ideologies still had much in common as they were both heavily fueled by nationalism. In , Mussolini showed his allegiance by signing a treaty with Hitler. From to , the world was experiencing a devastating economic downturn, known as the Great Depression. Factors such as mass unemployment in Germany and poverty in Japan provoked considerable anger among the citizens, causing them to be swayed by dictatorial governments which made it acceptable to forcefully loot from other countries whenever they wanted.
As was hinted at earlier, most leaders, including Hitler, were opportunists who seized power by directing their citizen's anger and hatred towards other countries. Anger was used by governments as a tool to control the people, who could easily be swayed by promises of jobs and a better quality of life. In , Japan invaded Manchuria in northeast China. Fearing international backlash, the Japanese government framed the Mukden Incident as a reason for their invasion. However, their real reason was the desire to capture Chinese territory, a project that had started in the late s in the First Sino-Japanese War.
The invasion started with the bombing of several cities including Guangzhou, Nanjing, and Shanghai where the Imperial Japanese Army carried out terrible war crimes.
Between and , Ethiopia and Italy were at war following the Italian invasion of Ethiopia also known as Abyssinia. German soldiers invade Poland in September This moment is often seen as the beginning of the war.
Germany invaded Poland on September 1, Two weeks late, the Soviet Union followed suit. This is seen as the main point at which World War II began. Following the German attack, France and Britain both declared war on Germany. Although not an event at the beginning of the war, the attack on Pearl Harbor is notable for bringing the United States into the war.
On December 7, Japan surprised the United States by bombing a collection of warships in Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as a declaration of war. Following the bombings, the United States declared war on Japan in retaliation. Shortly after, Italy and Germany also declared war on the United States. Long Term Causes Reparations on Germany from the Treaty of Versailles After the First World War ended in , there was a general sentiment that Germany should be held responsible for their involvement in World War 1 and that limitations should be imposed on them so that they cannot seek war again.
Hitler and Mussolini in The Great Depression of the s From to , the world was experiencing a devastating economic downturn, known as the Great Depression. Pearl Harbor Attack Although not an event at the beginning of the war, the attack on Pearl Harbor is notable for bringing the United States into the war. This page was last updated on July 26, By Joseph Kiprop. Causes of World War 2 - the root causes of World War 2.
The biggest mistakes - the alternative decisions which could dramatically change the course of the war. When did Hitler lose the war - an attempt to mark the time when Adolf Hitler lost the chance to win World War 2. The turning points of World War 2 - a list of the great strategic turning points of the war. Russia in World War 2 - the great war plan, preparations, collapse, and recovery - a revised view.
Timeline - the main events timeline, before and during the war. Battles and operations The dramatic battles and operations, from vast campaigns to small but important raids, in land, at sea, and in the air, that decided the outcome of World War 2. Kursk - the greatest tank battle of the war, and the last major German offensive in the East. Stalingrad - the German army's greatest defeat, and a major turning point of the war.
Midway - in this battle of aircraft carriers, Japan lost the initiative in the Pacific. Blitzkrieg - the German tactic of rapidly advancing tank forces and massive air support. Dambusters - the daring special air attack on German dams, using bouncing bombs.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also called the Second World War and, in the Soviet .. their cruel actions turned the opinions against them within a short time. Free Essays from Bartleby | Women for the Win! Women served an important role in WWII. They not only took the challenge and stepped up to take the places of.
Doolittle's raid - America's first air raid over Japan, that hit Tokyo in total surprise. Weapons From the ancient spear, to today's GPS-guided bomb, many wars saw the appearance of new weapons based on amazing technologies, but none saw such a dramatic and diverse flow of exciting new scientific developments and new weapons as World War 2. During six years of war, the most scientifically advanced nations recruited the best minds and enormous resources to an unprecedented arms race.
German secret weapons - Germany's advanced "wonder weapons". Land weapons: Infantry weapons - rifles, sub machine guns, pistols, and other weapons. T - simply the best main battle tank of World War 2. M4 Sherman - the main American tank. It won by numbers.
German tanks - Panzers, the German tanks which stormed Europe. Tiger - the most formidable German tank. Lethal, heavy, and almost indestructible.
Airplanes and air weapons: Bombers - the strategic weapons that struck at the enemy's heart. De Havilland Mosquito - the most versatile and successful allied aircraft. Fallschirmjager - the German paratroopers and their combat operations.
Fieseler Storch - the first true short take-off and landing aircraft. Kamikaze pilots - suicide warfare in World War 2, and its military and cultural rationale. The Manhattan Project - the making of the atomic bomb. Messerschmitt Me - the world's first operational jet fighter.
P Mustang - the American long range fighter which defeated the Luftwaffe over Germany. RADAR - the technology which revolutionized air and naval warfare. Stuka dive bomber - the airborne element of the German Blitzkrieg weapons.