In other words, instead of being a place where lawbreakers should learn a life lesson, prisons become holiday camps. If the penal system really expects prisons to act, they should have some legislative terms as per their criminal acts. Secondly, I do not accept that all offenders need to be separated from society. Take pickpockets and shoplifters as examples. Keeping these petty criminals in the same cells as rapists, murderers or violent criminals worsens the situation.
This is because after serving their time in prisons, juvenile and minor offenders often turn into habitual and professional criminals. Sadly, governments and tax payers must bear the cost of keeping these criminals in jails. I think punishing them through fines, community service or other non-custodial means etc. Conclusion, I understand that criminals who pose a threat to society cannot be allowed to roam freely.
For such people, imprisonment is necessary. But, for other offences prison is not the answer. In my view, the severity of the crime committed should be taken into consideration before deciding on the punishment.
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VIP users will receive further evaluations by advanced module of e-grader and human graders. The punishment is intentional, and serves a purpose. The punishment is legitimate 4. The punishment is Justified partially determined by the culpability of the offender 5. You cannot punish somebody for simply thinking about breaking the law 6. The punishment denotes the culpability the offender has in breaking the law 7. Prisons effectiveness as a form of state punishment Prison is the most commonly known and therefore most commonly questioned form of state punishment.
In this essay I will attempt to answer the question of whether imprisonment is . Overall, I would say that prisons do work, and that they are currently the most. There has been lots of debate on whether prisons are effective or whether they are ineffective in making criminals law-abiding citizens. This essay opens with a.
Its effectiveness as a punishment in general is assessed according to a number of differing criteria. In this section I focus purely on determining its effectiveness as a form of state punishment, which means assessing how well it achieves each of the overall aims of state punishment.
How rison is fulfilling this aim depends on the offence in question. What I mean by this is that victims of a minor crime such as assault are likely to be satisfied by the fact that the offender s are spending time in custody, having their freedom temporarily away from them, albeit temporarily. Deterrence — This assesses how effective prison is at deterring offenders from breaking the law again after they are released from prison. Recent statistical data suggests that prison is not an effective deterrent when it comes to reoffending.
The proof of this comes from the most recent set of government figures stating that out of the offenders which were cautioned, convicted or released from custody, approximately were proven to have committed a reoffence within a year, iving a reoffending percentage of This gives a 0.
It should be mentioned that these fgures represent information taken from adult offenders. The fgures for Juvenile offenders read differently, with the latest set of data showing that out of the who committed offences, around of them committed a reoffence at some point within the following 12 months While these fgure may look unsettling, it should be mentioned that this is actually an improvement on previous years, with the reoffending rate being down by 1.
The fgure in were out of thel who committed an offence, around reoffended within 12 months Generally, an offender will find it much more difficult to fit into society after being released from prison. This is for a few reasons. Firstly, other members of society are likely to treat the offender with suspicion, shunning them socially, and not being able to trust them.
Very few employers are likely to employ an ex convict to work for them, meaning that the convict will struggle to ind a steady source of income. Because of these reasons, a prison sentence can have far greater consequences than the time spent in prison that can follow a former convict around for the rest of their lives, and is therefore a very effective deterrent when it comes to stopping people committing an offence.
Reparation — Reparation is where an offender repays the losses they inflicted upon a victim. The perception of what actually constitutes reparation varies according to culture. Prison is an ineffectual method of punishment from this perspective, as compensation is almost impossible for somebody to provide while hey are serving a custodial sentence. Other cultures may seek another form of reparation, in the form of satisfaction on the part of the victim.
This can be achieved via an admission of guilt on the part of the offender, or via a public revelation of the truth, or finally via the dignity of the victims being restored. This is an easier form of reparation to provide, seeing as offenders can communicate with the outside world either whilst serving a custodial sentence, or during the preceding time in court. Rehabilitation and reintegration — This is how effectively a prison prepares offenders or life after their release.
The increased focus on this area is among the most positive changes made to prisons in recent years. Offering prisoners a chance for reformation during their sentence is statistically proven to lower reoffending rates. By way of example, we can look at the financial repercussions of offering rehabilitation programs for those currently serving a custodial sentence for offences linked to drug addiction.
This would equate to an annual saving of over 4 billion pounds if every rug addicted prisoner in the UK were encouraged to undertake the program. With payment by results, in the near future your money should be going into what works: prisoners going straight, crime coming own, our country getting safer. In the I-JK incarceration is the most common method of incapacitation, with capital punishment seen as barbaric and therefore outlawed.
A prison sentence is seen as effective because for he duration of their stay in prison, the offender is removed from society and therefore cannot commit a crime. The length of a prison sentence and the effectiveness of prison as a form of incapacitation is determined by the future threat the offender poses to society. On the other hand, a murderer has every chance of reoffending after their release, as the fact that they would commit murder in the first place suggests hat their mental health is a cause for concern, and the offender may feel like they have nothing to live for after their release.
This is one of the main reasons murder carries such a long sentence.
Actuarial Control — The ideas behind actuarial control suggest that crime is an unavoidable part of society due to the fact that there will always be rationally thinking people who still choose a life of crime. Therefore, our aims should not be to deter crime, but rather to contain it, and control its effects. Prison is the most effective form of punishment when it comes to this because of the fact that the ffenders are locked away from society as punishment for their actions, and therefore cannot reoffend for the duration of their stay.
The primary downside of using prison as a form of actuarial control is the fact that it leads to the numbers sent to prison as opposed to other forms of punishment keeping them on the streets, such as community service skyrocketing. This leads to more public money being spent, as well as the issue of the prisons becoming overcrowded. Conclusion To conclude, the answer to the question of whether prison actually works as the most ffective form of punishment depends on the intentions of the government as a whole.
As a deterrent, prison seems to be the most effective form of punishment for short term offenders, but its role as a form of rehabilitation depends on the funding it recieves from the government. Prison is the most effective form of actuarial control, as well as incapacitation, due to it taking offenders off the streets, and cutting them off from society. The area where prison suffers in comparison to other forms of punishment is in reparation, as somebody behind bars cannot pay back a debt to society, unlike an offender erving community service.
Overall, I would say that prisons do work, and that they are currently the most effective form of punishment in the I-JK. Prison on trial. Hale, K. Hayward, A. Wahidin, and E.
Does Prison Work?.